Arteries, Veins, and the
Circulatory System

Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body. After this blood has been used by the body, the oxygen depleted blood is then returned to the heart and lungs through a network of Veins.

Blood from the upper extremities have little trouble making this return journey to the heart. Blood traveling from the lower extremities have a more difficult return journey to the heart because it must travel upward, against gravity.

The Natural "STEPPING" Pump One Step Forward, One Step Back

The traditional human footsteps have long served
as the natural pump in the veinous system that help blood return to the heart and lungs to be oxygenated, against gravity.

This natural “stepping” pump must function in conjunction and in synchronicity with a system of valves which keep pumpedblood from reversing direction and traveling backward during instances when the pump pauses, as in instances between steps.

(See illustration below.)

As human progress technologically, we have adapted more sedentary lifestyles. Generally, we eat more and we walk and run less, thus stepping backward into poorer health.

A modern worker mostly sits in front of his / her computer. He or She could walk during the day but mostly these small walks are short punctuations in between even more sitting.

Workers in standing-up professions are not themselves immune from laying dormant the natural “stepping” pump. Nurses, Teachers, Flight Attendants, etc. all stand up but they mostly stand and not walk.

  Veinous Insufficiency

The natural “stepping” pump underworked leaves the veinous systems vulnerable to develop circulatory problems such as: VEINOUS INSUFFICIENCY (also known as Veinous Reflux).

Veinous Insufficiency is characterised as the pooling of stagnant blood in the veinous system. Blood which normally should have returned to the heart to be re-oxygenated and re-circulated now sits in the lower limb veinous system.


A visual manifestation of veinous insufficiency would be blue veins gnarling, and bulging around swollen ankles, feet, and legs. The blood in these veins is blue because of the low or lack of oxygen content. The bulging of the veins and surrounding tissue is caused by the pooling of blood and fluids.

Left untreated, veinous insufficiency symptoms start as visual annoyances and then progress to burning, itching, and discoloration of the skin. Toward the final stages, veinous insufficiency could lead to a lack of oxygen.

Invasive Solutions Ineffective Solutions
When treatment is sought, the most common methods have been invasive such as Varicose Vein Removal (Vein Stripping). Pressured Socks
NON-INVASIVE Solutions From EndoVein:
Click HERE to learn more about non-invasive solutions offered by the
EndoVein Endothelial Therapy Professional System.



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